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The classic rules of the tangram puzzle are simple: all tangram
pieces called tans must be used; they must lay flat; all must touch and
none may overlap.
In cutting the tangram pieces, the edges must
be straight so it is advisable that an adult does the cutting of the
tangram puzzle pattern. It is also recommended to use double-sided
colored or decorative paper since the parallelogram may need to be
flipped when forming a certain figure. You may also download a pattern
design (floral pattern, geometric pattern, etc.) and print it on glossy
photo paper. After accomplishing these pasting activities, you may turn
these into flash cards.
Then, you may print each page
again to create an artwork. Inside each shape, the child may draw or cut
pictures whose names begin with a specific letter. He/She may also do
torn paper collage, photo collage (showing pictures while doing the
activity), colorful sequin mosaic, decorative tape/sticker mosaic,
cotton ball painting, fingerprint art, or stamping art.
Skills Developed: Perceptual speed, inspection, logical reasoning, creative thinking, bilateral integration, and spatial visualization
is the ability to see differences and similarities among letters,
numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns in order to identify them
quickly and accurately.
Inspection skills involve
recognition of parts, thereby improving a child’s ability to discern in
the future. These skills also involve understanding the big picture by
viewing the whole and not just its parts as well as the ability to find
defects in assembled structures. Inspection skills develop attention,
speed, and accuracy.
Logical thinking is the process of
consistently using reasoning to discern the truth, solve problems, come
to a conclusion, and make good decisions. Problems or situations that
involve logical thinking call for structure, relationships between
facts, and chains of analysis and interpretation that make sense.
Creative thinking uses
the imagination to draw conclusions, to produce a broad range of ideas
for solutions, to develop uncommon or original methods of solving a
problem, and to put new ideas and concepts to a practical use.
Bilateral integration/coordination refers
to the ability to use both sides of the body in a coordinated way. An
example of this is stabilizing paper with one hand while cutting with
the other. This is required to perform fine motor activities (such as
coloring, drawing, writing, cutting, and pasting) and gross motor
activities (such as pedaling a bicycle, climbing stairs, and
catching/throwing a ball). Being able to coordinate both sides of the
body is an indication that both sides of the brain are communicating and
sharing information with each other.
Spatial logic is
the ability to visualize and understand the relationships of objects
and their positions in space. Visual-spatial skills enable a child to
solve geometric problems. These skills are important components of
handwriting and many other movement-based activities.